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The Last Sermon of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) | 9th – Class English Notes

Lesson – 1

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was the last prophet of Allah. When he started preaching Islam, the people of Makkah turned against him. He then migrated to Medina, this event is called the Hijra. In Medina, he founded an Islamic society. In the 10th Hijra, he performed Hajj with his followers. He gave a sermon on Mount Arafat. The main points of his last sermon are as follows . Allah is the only God. None shares His authority. The superiority of man is not based on blood or wealth. Only the goodness of a man makes him superior to others. All Muslims are brothers. The most righteous is the most honourable. The Quran is a permanent source of guidance for mankind.

Question and Answers

Q.1 When and where was Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) born?
Ans. Hazrat Mohammad (P.B.U.H) the prophet of Islam was born in the year 571 A.D at Makkah.

Q.2 To which tribe did Prophet Mohammad belong? What did they believe in?
Ans. Prophet Mohammad belonged to the noble family of Quraish. They believed and worshiped idols and did not believe in one God.

Q.3 What did Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) ask the Quraish to do?
Ans. Hazrat Mohammad (P.B.U.H) asked the Quraish not to worship their false Gods and asked them to worship the one and the only true God.

Q.4 Why did Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) migrate to Madina?Ans. Most of the people of Makkah refused to accept Islam. They opposed the new faith and their bitter opposition cause the Prophet (P.B.U.H) much agony and a lot of trouble. So in 622 A.D. Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) migrated to Madina.

Q.5 What is Hijra? Where did it take place?Ans. In 622 A.D the prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) accompanied by his faithfully friend Hazrat Abu Bakr migrated to Madina. This count is known in history as the “Hijra”.

Q.6 On what three principles was the Islamic Society founded?Ans. In Madina the Prophet (P.B.U.H) founded the Islamic Society based on the three principles:
  • All power belongs to Allah.
  • Mohammad (P.B.U.H) is his Prophet.
  • All Muslims are brothers to one another.

Q.7 What does the last sermon teach us?Ans. In the 10th year of Hijra the Prophet (P.B.U.H) together with his followers went to perform Hajj at Makkah. There he addressed a very large gathering of muslims at mount Aarafat. This was the last sermon of the Holy
Prophet (P.B.U.H).
It teaches us that there is no God Except Allah. Only the goodness of a person makes him superior to others. The most righteous is the most honorable. All Muslims are brother to one another. Finnally the last sermon teaches us that the Holy Quran is the message of Allah and if we act according to its teachings, we will never go wrong.

Q.8 Why did the Quraish oppose the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H)?
Ans. The Holy Prophet asked the Quraish not to worship there false Gods but to worship the One and only true God and to accept him as the Prophet of God. However, they refuse to do so and believe that he was preaching against their Gods, and their ancestors. So they oppose the new religion of Islam and their fierce and terrible oppositions made it impossible for the Prophet (P.B.U.H) to continue being in Makkah and compelled him to leave that city, Makkah.

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